The Definitive Guide to Full Spectrum Hemp Oil

This new guide will teach you everything you need to know about Full Spectrum Hemp Oil (Phytocannabinoid Oil).

First, we’ll show you why cannabinoids are more important than ever.

Then, we’ll help you understand the benefits of Full Spectrum Hemp Oil and what to look for in quality products.

Sound good? Let’s dive right in…

full spectrum hemp oil molecules

Table of Contents

Chapter 1

Full Spectrum 101


Chapter 2

How To Identify Quality Hemp Oil

science behind phytocannabinoid oil

Chapter 3

The Science

side effects of hemp oil

Chapter 4

Side Effects

potency of cbd oil

Chapter 5

How To Choose Potency

how to take cbd oil

Chapter 6

Difference In Products

Chapter 1:

Full Spectrum 101

In this chapter I’ll help you get the basics down.

So if you’re not sure if your site is mobile optimized, this chapter will get you on the right track.

Then, in later chapters, I’ll show you a bunch of advanced strategies and techniques.

hemp plant

Full Spectrum Hemp Oil: An Inside Look

Cannabis is a remarkable genre of flora. Despite recent – albeit waning – broad-stroke wars against the plant, the many uses of cannabinoids have been known since at least 500 B.C.

What makes cannabis so significant are the approximately 90 different compounds it produces. Collectively, these are known as phytocannabinoids. “Phyto” means “plant.”

A wide range of animals – including humans – also produce cannabinoids that are called endogenous cannabinoids.

In our bodies, the endocannabinoid system is responsible for regulating an impressive concert of functions such as appetite, fertility, mood, and pain sensation.

They’re also thought to be responsible for the rush that is experienced after vigorous exercise.

Full-spectrum vs. isolate

A “purified” oil contains an isolated compound, usually just one of the 90 cannabinoids found in cannabis.

“Full-spectrum” phytocannabinoid oils contain all the compounds manufactured by the plant.

quality phytocannabinoid oil

Different strains of cannabis produce different spectrums of compounds. The compounds in a full-spectrum oil vary based on the genetics of the plants from which it’s derived.

For example, hemp doesn’t contain notable amounts of the psychotropic, Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC); therefore, hemp oils aren’t intoxicating.

Benefits of full-spectrum phytocannabinoid oil

Studies have revealed that the therapeutic properties of individual cannabinoids weren’t as effective without their sibling compounds.

This suggests a synergistic interaction between the phytocannabinoids, making full-spectrum oils more productive.

Until the FDA weighs in on phytocannabinoids, manufacturers and retailers are limited in their claims.

While this might seem frustrating, scientific rigor will help pinpoint the effects of specific compounds and combinations – and even lead to new discoveries.

Some of the therapeutic attributes the FDA might investigate include:

Insomnia relief. Phytocannabinoids could prove to be a side-effect free alternative to sleep medications.

  • Antidepressant. An imbalance of endogenous cannabinoids can lead to depression. However, phytocannabinoids might have a broader use.
  • Analgesic. While the pain fighting properties of cannabis are widely accepted by the populous, the medical community is still exploring – with supportive results. A 2013 article published by the National Center for Biotechnology Information concluded that cannabinoids “have shown efficacy (success) in different categories of chronic pain conditions.”
  • Migraine headache relief. While we don’t always understand the causes of migraines, we might be en route to better mitigation. A University of Colorado study concluded that: “Prospective studies should be conducted to explore a cause-and-effect relationship and the use of different strains, formulations, and doses of marijuana to better understand the effects of medical marijuana on migraine headache treatment and prophylaxis.”

The significance of agricultural expertise

If you’ve ever tried growing veggies, you might have noticed a difference between your crop and what’s available at the local farmer’s market. Exploiting a plant’s genetics is a carefully refined practice.

Chapter 2:

How to Identify Quality Phytocannabinoid Oil

In this chapter I’ll help you get the basics down.

So if you’re not sure if your site is mobile optimized, this chapter will get you on the right track.

Then, in later chapters, I’ll show you a bunch of advanced strategies and techniques.


These are the five factors you want to take a close look at

While cannabinoid oil has been around for a long time, it is only now becoming a more widespread product in the U.S.

Growing popularity means an increasing number of companies and entrepreneurs want to take advantage of demand, which inevitably leads to issues like sub-par quality and or even bogus products.

This is why anyone looking to buy cannabinoid oil has to do their research.

Before you make a purchase, be sure to think about these key areas:

1) Where it’s grown
Just as it’s important that our food is grown on pristine land, the same is true for cannabinoid oil. Hemp plants are hyperaccumulators, which means that they absorb anything present in the soil in which it is grown. 

This is both good and bad.

If the hemp is grown in soil rich in nutrients on unsullied lands, it will produce quality oil. But if there are metals in the soil like lead or mercury, the plant will absorb them, making anything that comes from it unsafe to use.

2) How it’s processed
Right now, the full-spectrum hemp oil industry has few regulations, and companies have different methods for extracting the plant’s oil.

With very cheap oil, it is possible that dangerous solvents such as butane or propane are used in the extraction process.

One of the safest ways to extract the oil is with organic ethanol, which gets rid of any toxins or unnecessary residues.

Another safe extraction method is through high-pressure CO2.

3) The use of the whole plant
Quality hemp oil comes from the whole hemp plant, which is also referred to as the full- or broad-spectrum.
This ensures that all the essential components are in there, including the flavonoids, terpenes, and other cannabinoids, which enhance the benefits of the oil.
wild hemp plants

4) The delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol levels
Delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol is the cannabinoid found in marijuana that contributes to the “high” someone feels when they use it.

And because both marijuana and hemp are derived from the cannabis plant, it is possible that full-spectrum hemp oil contains some delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol levels.

Quality oil, however, should not have high levels of delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol, and if it does, it was probably processed incorrectly.

The delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol level in hemp oil should not exceed 0.3 percent.

5) Certified lab results
Reputable companies that produce full-spectrum hemp oil should have nothing to hide when it comes to their products. When looking for quality oil, be sure to check that independent labs have tested it for cannabinoid content, as well as purity.

These results should be easy to find or obtain.

Anyone who wants quality phytocannabinoid oil likely wants to use it for its potential health benefits, which means you can just buy from any company. So research before you buy and make sure any product you buy is safe to consume.

Chapter 3:

The Science Behind Phytocannabinoid Oil

In this chapter I’ll help you get the basics down.

So if you’re not sure if your site is mobile optimized, this chapter will get you on the right track.

Then, in later chapters, I’ll show you a bunch of advanced strategies and techniques.

science behind phytocannabinoid oil

To understand why phytocannabinoids are getting so much attention, you must look at the endocannabinoid system.

The endocannabinoid system (ECS) is a common component of the mammalian central nervous system.

If you’re a mammal, your body depends on cannabinoids for an astounding range of bodily functions – sleep, appetite, immune function, cognition, fertility — the list of applications is laboriously long. 

In general, the ESC keeps your biological processes in balance.Phytocannabinoids are the flora kingdom’s version of endocannabinoids.

While only two endocannabinoids have been discovered (2-arachidonoylglycerol [2-AG] and anandamide [AEA]), there are over 80 known plant-produced cannabinoids.Phytocannabinoids effectively mimic 2-AG and AEA.

That interchangeability, tied with the uniquely phyto cannabinoids, have long been thought to assist in overall wellness.

Finally, science is catching up. Matching the hype with the scienceAs we ease into a new era – and perspective – of the hemp plant, research into its many uses have become less restrictive, and increasingly insightful.

One of the most exciting things about cannabinoid research is just as surprising as it is exciting.

Oxidative stress reduction

Free radicals are produced through the oxidation process in the body.

While useful for liver function and the immune system, an imbalance can cause cell and mitochondrial damage, which causes fatigue, inflammation, and even acceleration of the aging process.

Antioxidants absorb those free radicals, effectively maintaining a healthy balance.

Cardiovascular health

Phytocannabinoids may allow blood vessels to dilate and relax, which can improve circulation.

In 2014 a British study announced, “We have shown for the first time that 2-AG (one of the two endocannabinoids) causes vasorelaxation of human mesenteric arteries.”

Clearly, more research is necessary before forming any conclusions; however, the similar and transferable properties of phytocannabinoids is promising.There are still questions to be answered, but the future looks promising.

While these studies – and many more – clearly seem to be pointing toward the overall ways people can use cannabinoid oil, there’s still a lot to consider before embarking on any general wellness plan.

Along with consulting with your physician, plant genetics, purity, and processing should all be considered when choosing a phytocannabinoid oil.

Chapter 4:

The Side Effects of Phytocannabinoid Products

In this chapter I’ll help you get the basics down.

So if you’re not sure if your site is mobile optimized, this chapter will get you on the right track.

Then, in later chapters, I’ll show you a bunch of advanced strategies and techniques.

side effects and risks

Minimal and well-tolerated side effects of phytocannabinoids are one reason behind the push for additional research to determine how they alleviate symptoms in a variety of illnesses and ailments.

Those of us who live with a chronic illness or a serious disease want to improve our quality of life.

Of course, we also want to make sure that the methods we incorporate into our wellness regimen are safe in the long-term.

Will phytocannabinoid products alleviate pain associated with a difficult medical situation, or will they make life more challenging?

What’s a phytocannabinoid?

Whole hemp extraction is when oil is extracted from the hemp plant’s leaves and flowers.

This process leaves the phytocannabinoids whole, which ensures that all the potentially-beneficial compounds are being delivered in the extracted oil.

Phytocannabinoid-rich oil is currently being researched so we can better understand the potential uses.

However, people are already using phytocannabinoid oil to alleviate pain or symptoms associated with issues such as multiple sclerosis, addiction issues, and chronic anxiety.

But what are some of the noted side effects of phytocannabinoid products? And if there are risks, are they really worth the reward?

Negative side effects and risks of phytocannabinoid products

There are a few very minor negative side effects associated with phytocannabinoid products, such as tiredness or changes in food intake.

Research shows that most risks – even minor ones – are well tolerated in users.

Good news for those who are considering phytocannabinoids!

There are no recorded serious risks of using phytocannabinoids to support a wellness regimen.

In fact, the potential benefits of phytocannabinoids could very well outweigh whatever small risks exist.

Positive side effects of phytocannabinoid products

There are many positive side effects, many of them documented in medical journals such as Surgical Neurology International (SNI), a peer-reviewed publication that focuses on neuroscience and neurosurgery issues.

According to research conducted in SNI by Maroon and Bost (2018), these positive benefits are many:

  • Phytocannabinoids can protect nerve cells from damage, prevent inflammation, and stop circulation issues in the brain during an ischemic event.
  • Phytocannabinoids have also been shown to prevent or mitigate depression and anxiety.
  • Studies have also shown that patients of multiple sclerosis may experience less spasticity from their disease process.

Why phytocannabinoids?

Thanks to phytocannabinoid-based oils and products, many people – even those who have been searching for relief for a long time – may experience a reduction of disease symptoms, greater calmness.

Chapter 5:

How to choose your potency of Hemp Oil

In this chapter I’ll help you get the basics down.

So if you’re not sure if your site is mobile optimized, this chapter will get you on the right track.

Then, in later chapters, I’ll show you a bunch of advanced strategies and techniques.

potency of full spectrum hemp oil

Get the best effects from your phytocannabinoid oil with selecting the correct potency.

When it comes to cannabinoid oil, there are a lot of things to consider, such as its legality.

Although hemp will always be linked to marijuana (both come from the cannabis plant, though they are very different), cannabinoid oil is legal in the U.S.

Then you need to think about the quality of the cannabinoid oil you’re buying, as well as its potency. These guidelines can help with that latter category and ensure that you get the most from your oil:

The three degrees of cannabinoid oil

Cannabinoid oil potency is segmented into three different types:

Low potency – 2.5 mg to 15 mg per serving

Low doses of cannabinoid oil are thought to be good for chronic conditions like moderate pain or mild anxiety.

They may also be effective for people with very active endocannabinoid systems who don’t need stronger doses. Just a small dose every day may be used to maintain a healthy lifestyle.

Medium potency – 16 mg to 33 mg per serving

With more severe pain or anxiety – and perhaps inflammation or digestive issues – medium strength cannabinoid oil may be an option.

In most cases, doubling the milligrams of the lower strength doses can be effective. And it will depend on your symptoms how many doses per day you will need.

High potency – 34 mg to 50 mg per serving

Research is underway to see how high-strength doses of cannabinoid oil can be used for a number of ailments, including severe pain or anxiety, depression, and insomnia.

People using it with the intent of lessening the effects of conditions like epilepsy or multiple sclerosis may need to take several doses per day.

How to ensure you get the right potency

If you’re new to cannabinoid oil, it will probably take you a little time to figure out the amount you should take. These tips can help:

Start off slowly

You may be eager to take cannabinoid oil to address a nagging or chronic condition, but you don’t want to take too much too soon.

This is why you should start with the lowest dosage. Not everyone has the same reaction to cannabinoid oil, and you may find that that small amount gives you just what you need.

It is also important to pay close attention to how much you take.

Gradually increase the dosage

If that small dosage doesn’t seem to be doing anything for you, you can begin to increase it.

Because it takes some time for the cannabinoid oil to affect your endocannabinoid system, you should gradually raise the amount. 

Take the same dose for a few days or so before you make it a little bigger.

Talk to a healthcare professional

Thanks to countless websites and blogs, you can find quite a bit of medical information online. But to get real answers, there is no substitute for actually talking to a professional.

Whatever ailment you hope cannabinoid oil can help with, a doctor or other type of medical professional should be able to tell you how to use it and the doses to take.

Not all cannabinoid oils are the same

Cannabinoid oil is used for a number of chronic conditions, but the quality is a trait that can’t be ignored. At Veritas Farms, we are dedicated to growing the absolute best hemp to produce superior oils.

We use the whole plant, which ensures that all the essential elements remain intact.

For any questions about our cannabinoid oil or our manufacturing process, please contact us.

Chapter 6:

The Difference in Full Spectrum Hemp Oil Products and what they're used for

In this chapter I’ll help you get the basics down.

So if you’re not sure if your site is mobile optimized, this chapter will get you on the right track.

Then, in later chapters, I’ll show you a bunch of advanced strategies and techniques.

how to take hemp oil

Is there a difference between balms and ointments, tinctures and extracts, or tablets and capsules, for that matter?

The answer is yes, there is a difference. Mostly it has to do with the optimal way to deliver the active ingredients.

Here’s what you need to know about the delivery methods different manufacturers use for the cannabinoid products.

Balms versus ointments

The big takeaway here is that balms are usually meant to sit on top of the skin (think of a protective lip balm or deodorant), while salves are generally meant to be absorbed into the skin (think of a lotion). 

You can tell the difference between a balm and a salve because salves tend to be softer and are meant to be applied with your fingertip.

Balms and salves can be made to deliver a wide amount of essential oils, including phytocannabinoids. The strength of the product is determined by the oil used to manufacture it.

Because salves are softer and meant to be absorbed by the skin, they’re mainly meant to support healing by delivering essential oils. Balms are more often used to prevent damage and usually have an applicator tube.

how to take hemp oil

Tinctures and extracts

It’s important to know up front that products you use, which come in either tinctures or extracts, will not be made from essential oils.

Tinctures are concentrated herbal extracts that use alcohol as the solvent. If any other type of menstruum (solvent) is used, it becomes a tincture.

The most common alternatives to alcohol are water, glycerin, and vinegar.

Usually, extracts have equal amounts of herb and alcohol. Tinctures may contain higher amounts of solvents.

These solvents remove the chemical constituents of the herb from the plant fiber. The essential elements of the herb are then contained in the extract or tincture.

Tinctures and extracts are used to apply the entire spectrum of a plant’s properties.

This would not be a wise choice if you are interested in the potential healing properties of phytocannabinoids but do not want to ingest delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol unless you specifically find a manufacturer that offers a delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol product.

Capsules and tablets

Things can be confusing here. We have tablets and capsules. But there are also chewables, caplets, softgels, and lozenges.

In many cases, this comes down to preference. Advances in manufacturing have done away with differences in absorption rates.

Tablets are the most cost-effective for consumers and manufacturers because they tend to be less expensive to make.

Tablets tend to be more shelf stable than capsules – especially if the capsules are liquid-filled.

They can also come in different sizes – this can be an obstacle for some people because large tablets are harder to swallow.

On the other hand, tablets can be cut into smaller sizes, so it’s easier to regulate dosage.

Capsules are those familiar two-piece gelatin formulations. Their two main advantages are that they are often much easier to swallow than tablets, and they tend to break down quicker in the stomach because the gelatin capsule is fast to dissolve.

This can be a benefit or a hindrance, depending on whether the substance contained in the capsule works better in the intestines rather than the stomach.

Their shelf life is shorter than tablets, and they’re not well-suited to liquid or oil-based contents unless an additional and even more expensive step is taken to encapsulate it.

Phytocannabinoid oil products

It’s possible to find phytocannabinoids as an oil, a liquid, a tincture, in capsules, or in lotions and salves. As an oil or tincture, it can be taken sublingually, or under the tongue.

The most common form of phytocannabinoid oil is found either in capsules or containers with medicine droppers for easy measurement.

Both ways allow you to ingest it orally, where it enters your digestive system and is metabolized by the liver.

It can also be applied topically as a salve or lotion, where the active ingredients tend to mostly interact with the local area where it’s applied, rather than entering the bloodstream.

Ultimately, which phytocannabinoid product you choose depends on the result you wish to achieve.

Regardless of what product you use, you’ll want to make sure you’re buying from a reputable manufacturer that understands how to extract the essential compounds safely and effectively.

Chapter 7:

The Legality of Full Spectrum Hemp Oil

In this chapter I’ll help you get the basics down.

So if you’re not sure if your site is mobile optimized, this chapter will get you on the right track.

Then, in later chapters, I’ll show you a bunch of advanced strategies and techniques.

From marijuana to full-spectrum phytocannabinoid oil, it can be hard to know what the rules are

When it comes to the legality of marijuana and the products associated with it, there is still a lot of confusion.

This is mostly due to the laws that differ so widely around the U.S. Something that may be completely legal in one state could get you in severe trouble if you step over the border.

Making things even more complicated is the fact that the laws often differ concerning marijuana versus hemp.

What exactly is the difference between marijuana and hemp?

Although the terms are sometimes used interchangeably, marijuana and hemp are not the same, though they are both derived from the cannabis plant.

For one thing, they look very different. Marijuana plants grow outward and usually don’t exceed five feet in height. Hemp grows tall – as high as 20 feet – and the stalks grow close together.

They are also grown differently, with marijuana cultivated as a horticultural crop. Hemp, on the other hand, is thought of more as an agricultural crop. Another big dissimilarity between the two is delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol levels. Marijuana has high levels of this psychoactive chemical, while those found in hemp are much smaller or non-existent.

hemp seeds that eventually become cbd oil

Other oils vs. full-spectrum hemp oil

Now that it’s clear that marijuana and hemp aren’t the same thing, it’s time to take a closer look at their derivatives. Marijuana oil is often used pretty much for the same reason as any other form of the drug.

However, full-spectrum hemp oil – which is made from the stalks and seeds of the plant – is specifically utilized for medicinal purposes, though it still may have delta-9 tetrahydrocannabinol depending whether the product is full-spectrum or isolate. It has been shown to possibly alleviate several types of ailments, including anxiety, pain, arthritis, and seizures.

Are these oils legal?

Here’s where things start getting a little sticky. In some states, both marijuana and hemp are legal for use both recreationally and medicinally. These states are:

  • Alaska
  • California
  • Colorado
  • Maine
  • Massachusetts
  • Nevada
  • Oregon
  • Washington

There are an additional 20 states in which it is legal to use marijuana and hemp for medicinal purposes only. These are:

  • Arizona
  • Arkansas
  • Connecticut
  • Delaware
  • Hawaii
  • Illinois
  • Maryland
  • Michigan
  • Minnesota
  • Montana
  • New Hampshire
  • New Jersey
  • New Mexico
  • New York
  • North Dakota
  • Ohio
  • Pennsylvania
  • Rhode Island
  • Vermont
  • West Virginia
  • Guam and Puerto Rico also fall into this category

There are another 18 states that have specific guidelines regarding the use of marijuana and hemp:

  • Alabama
  • Florida
  • Georgia
  • Indiana
  • Iowa
  • Kentucky
  • Louisiana
  • Mississippi
  • Missouri
  • North Carolina
  • Oklahoma
  • South Carolina
  • Tennessee
  • Texas
  • Utah
  • Virginia
  • Wisconsin
  • Wyoming

As for the last four – Idaho, Kansas, Nebraska, and South Dakota – marijuana in all forms is still illegal. It should be noted, however, that full-spectrum hemp oil is legal in these states.

Why it’s important to stay informed

Because marijuana and hemp often get lumped together, many people assume that any sort of product containing hemp is a drug. This just isn’t true.

Hemp has been used for centuries in a number of applications, including for industrial and household items.