The Definitive Guide to Full Spectrum Hemp Oil

This new guide will teach you everything you need to know about Full Spectrum Hemp Oil (Phytocannabinoid Oil).

First, we’ll show you why cannabinoids are more important than ever.

Then, we’ll help you understand the benefits of Full Spectrum Hemp Oil and what to look for in quality products.

Sound good? Let’s dive right in…

full spectrum hemp oil molecules

Table of Contents

Chapter 1

What is a cannabinoid?

Chapter 2

Marijuana vs. Hemp: What's the difference?

science behind phytocannabinoid oil

Chapter 3

What is full spectrum hemp oil?


Chapter 4

How to identify quality hemp oil

pure cbd oil

Chapter 5

How much hemp oil should I take?

potency of cbd oil

Chapter 6

How to gauge potency of CBD Oil

Chapter 7

What are the different types of CBD products?

how to take cbd oil

Chapter 8

Try it for yourself

Chapter 1:

Full Spectrum 101

In this chapter I’ll help you get the basics down.

So if you’re not sure if your site is mobile optimized, this chapter will get you on the right track.

Then, in later chapters, I’ll show you a bunch of advanced strategies and techniques.

hemp plant

Full Spectrum Hemp Oil: An Inside Look

Cannabis is a remarkable genre of flora.

The plant has been used medicinally since at least 500 B.C., and the earliest recorded recreational use dates back to ancient Greece.  In fact, marijuana wasn’t outlawed in the United States until the early 20th century.

What did early cultures know about the healing compounds in cannabis — and how are they used today? What are the changing laws around cannabis products like marijuana, hemp, and CBD? What are the best products to use for your personal medical concerns?

In this guide, we’ll discuss all of the above — plus everything else you need to know about full-spectrum hemp oil.

What is a cannabinoid?

To understand how cannabis products work in the body, you need to first understand the endocannabinoid system (ECS), a part of the mammalian central nervous system.

You and everyone you know — even your furry friends — have endocannabinoid systems (ECS). The ECS is thought to play a crucial role in many bodily functions, including appetite, sleep, mood, and injury mitigation.

How do cannabinoids work in the body?

In general, the ECS can be thought of as your body’s regulatory committee. When things get out of balance, the ECS steps in to bring order to the chaos, also known as homeostasis.

Our bodies produce chemicals called endocannabinoids.

Our bodies have two networks of cannabinoid receptors: CB1 and CB2. CB1 receptors are found in our connective tissues, gonads, organs, and throughout the nervous system. CB2 receptors are mostly dispersed through the immune system and related organs.

However, both versions can be found in a wide range of bodily tissues.

What is a phytocannabinoid?

Chemicals contained in cannabis plants, known as phytocannabinoids, are similar enough to the endocannabinoids in our bodies that they too can have a profound effect on our ECS.

There are more than 80 known plant-produced cannabinoids — all of which effectively mimic the endocannabinoids 2-AG and AEA that are produced in the body.

These known phytocannabinoids are actually cannabinoid acids that synthesize during production (by a heating process known as decarboxylation)  into recognizable compounds like CBD and THC.

Marijuana vs. hemp: What’s the difference? 

What is the difference between marijuana and hemp?

Although the terms are sometimes used interchangeably, marijuana and hemp are not the same, though they are both varieties of the Cannabis sativa plant.

Marijuana is typically cultivated as a horticultural crop, while hemp has long been thought of as an agricultural crop. And while marijuana is thought of singularly as a drug, hemp has been used for centuries in a variety of applications, including household and industrial products.

Today’s uber-popular CBD oil products — including full-spectrum hemp oil — are also derived from hemp, grown at an industrial scale to exacting specifications that ensure its legality and maximize its potentially healing properties and cannabinoid profile.

Is cannabis legal?

That’s a complicated question. The legality of cannabis depends on the type of plant in question.

For many years, federal law lumped hemp in with other cannabis plants, which were effectively outlawed in 1937 under the Marihuana Tax Act and made “officially” illegal in 1970 through the Controlled Substances Act.

The United States Drug Enforcement Administration has designated marijuana a Schedule 1 substance “ with no currently accepted medical use and a high potential for abuse.” Their definition is certainly up for debate, but until that debate occurs at a federal level, all marijuana products are illegal.

That means it’s technically against federal law both to grow marijuana varieties of Cannabis sativa, and to ingest products made using the plant.

Then there’s hemp, which growers can now legally cultivate, thanks to the 2018 Farm Bill. Hemp, also known as industrial hemp, cannot contain more than 0.3 percent of THC — meaning it won’t get you high.

Where is medical marijuana legal?

Recent years have seen many states pushing to legalize marijuana at various levels, either for medical or recreational use. As of January 2019, recreational marijuana is legal in 10 states, and medical marijuana is legal in 33 states.

Is hemp oil legal?

Yes! All over-the-counter CBD and hemp products such as full-spectrum hemp oil sold by Veritas Farm are legal in all 50 states because they contain less than .3% THC, the FDA legal limit.

These fully federally legal products include full-spectrum hemp oil products such as capsules, tinctures, balms, salves, and edibles.

Chapter 2:

What Is Full Spectrum Hemp Oil?

In this chapter I’ll help you get the basics down.

So if you’re not sure if your site is mobile optimized, this chapter will get you on the right track.

Then, in later chapters, I’ll show you a bunch of advanced strategies and techniques.


Full-spectrum hemp oil is a pure extract of the CBD and other good stuff found in industrial hemp plants. It can be packaged as capsules tablets, salves, balms, tinctures, and more.

It’s important to understand the different types of hemp oil available today, though, because not all hemp products are created equal.

Full-spectrum hemp oil. Full-spectrum hemp oils contain all the compounds manufactured by the plant: cannabinoids, terpenes, and flavonoids. The cannabinoids in these oils include less than .3% THC. That’s not nearly enough to get you high, but it is enough for the entourage effect to kick in (more on that below).

Broad-spectrum hemp oil. Broad-spectrum hemp oils have all the terpenes, flavonoids, and phytocannabinoids the plant has to offer, minus the THC. Broad-spectrum oils are made by either stripping the THC from the oil, or starting with a CBD isolate and reintroducing all compounds except for the THC.

CBD isolate. CBD isolate are most commonly extracted via cold CO2 methods that strip away all but the CBD molecules from the plant. The result is a fine, white, crystalline powder that easily dissolves in liquid.

Hemp seed oil. While the three products above are made from the flowers and leaves of the hemp plant, hemp seed oil is made from the seeds and contain beneficial elements such as essential fatty and amino acids, high levels of vitamins A, C, and E as well as protein, fiber, and minerals. Hemp seed oil is most often used in beauty or cosmetic products, cooking oils, paints, furniture polish and lubricants.

What is the entourage effect?

The entourage effect is a chemical reaction that occurs when a combination of cannabinoids is present in the body at the same time, enhancing all their effects simultaneously.

Israeli scientists Shimon Ben-Shabat and Raphael Mechoulam coined the term “entourage effect” in a 1999 scientific paper when they realized that cannabinoids found in the hemp plant work like the body’s own endocannabinoid system.

Studies have revealed that the therapeutic properties of individual cannabinoids weren’t as effective without their sibling compounds.

This suggests a synergistic interaction between the phytocannabinoids known as the “entourage effect,” which makes full-spectrum oils a more productive choice.

How is full-spectrum hemp oil made?

Full-spectrum hemp oil is extracted from the hemp plant’s leaves and flowers.

The production of full-spectrum hemp oil starts with drying the stalks, stems, leaves, and flowers of fully matured hemp plants, then mashing the entire plant into a fine powder and extracting the oils using using a gentle extraction method.

This process leaves the phytocannabinoids whole, which ensures that all the potentially-beneficial compounds are being delivered in the extracted oil.

Learn about how we produce our full-spectrum hemp oil.

Full-spectrum hemp oil benefits

Until the FDA does further research on the effects of phytocannabinoids, manufacturers and retailers are limited in the claims they can make about the effectiveness of their products.

While this might seem frustrating, scientific rigor will help pinpoint the effects of specific compounds and combinations – and even lead to new discoveries.

Some of the therapeutic attributes the FDA might investigate include:

Insomnia relief. Phytocannabinoids could prove to be a side-effect free alternative to sleep medications.

Antidepressant. An imbalance of endogenous cannabinoids can lead to depression. However, phytocannabinoids might have a broader use.

Analgesic. While the pain fighting properties of cannabis are widely accepted by the populous, the medical community is still exploring – with supportive results. A 2013 article explained that cannabinoids have shown success in treating different categories of chronic pain conditions.”

Migraine headache relief. While we don’t always understand the causes of migraines, we might be en route to better mitigation. A University of Colorado study concluded that:

Prospective studies should be conducted to explore a cause-and-effect relationship and the use of different strains, formulations, and doses of marijuana to better understand the effects of medical marijuana on migraine headache treatment and prophylaxis.

Side effects of hemp oil products

It’s natural to want to ensure that the methods we incorporate into our wellness regimen are safe to use long term. Luckily, there are few side effects associated with phytocannabinoid products, and most are mild and well tolerated.

Side effects include tiredness and changes in food intake.

What’s more, the potential benefits of phytocannabinoids could very well outweigh whatever small risks exist.

Full-spectrum hemp oil vs. CBD isolate

A “purified” oil contains an isolated compound, usually just one of the 90 cannabinoids found in cannabis.

“Full-spectrum” phytocannabinoid oils contain all the compounds manufactured by the plant.

Different strains of cannabis produce different spectrums of compounds. The compounds in a full-spectrum oil vary based on the genetics of the plants from which it’s derived.

For example, hemp doesn’t contain notable amounts of the psychotropic, Tetrahydrocannabinol (THC); therefore, hemp oils aren’t intoxicating.

Hemp oil vs. CBD oil: What’s the difference?

As Shakespeare said: A rose by any other name would smell as sweet!

So are hemp oil and CBD oil the same thing? It depends on who you ask, but often, the difference between “hemp oil” and “CBD oil” is marketing. In general, the terms refer to products with similar ingredients and uses.

Rather than focusing on what the product is called, smart consumers should pay attention to the quality of the products they’re using and how the cannabinoids have been extracted from the plant to make the product.

How to identify quality hemp oil

While hemp and CBD oils have been around for some time, they are only now becoming a more widespread product in the United States as the wider cannabis industry becomes a hot market with less stigma attached.

Growing popularity means an increasing number of companies and entrepreneurs want to take advantage of demand, which inevitably leads to issues like sub-par quality and or even bogus products. (Can you buy hemp oil on Amazon? Yes, you can — heck, you can buy CBD oil from gas stations these days — but for a lot of reasons we’ll discuss below, you may not get the quality you want from just any seller.)

Anyone looking to buy hemp oil has to do their research. Before you make a purchase, ask yourself the following questions.

Where was it grown?

Just as it’s important that our food is grown on pristine land, the same is true for cannabinoid oil. Hemp plants are hyperaccumulators, which means that they absorb anything present in the soil in which it is grown.

This is both good and bad.

If the hemp is grown in soil rich in nutrients on unsullied lands, it will produce quality oil. But if there are metals in the soil like lead or mercury, the plant will absorb them, making anything that comes from it unsafe to use.

Reputable CBD manufacturers will be transparent about where their products are grown and produced — and if that information isn’t listed on their website, you should be able to ask for it and receive it.

How was it manufactured?

Right now, the full-spectrum hemp oil industry and CBD product market have few regulations, and different companies have different methods for extracting oil from their plants.

With very inexpensive oil — these products are cheap for a reason — dangerous solvents such as butane or propane may have been used in the extraction process.

One of the safest ways to extract the oil is with organic ethanol, which gets rid of any toxins or unnecessary residues. Another safe extraction method is through high-pressure CO2.

Read more about our production process.

Is this truly full-spectrum hemp oil?

Quality hemp oil comes from the entire hemp plant, which is also referred to as the full- or broad-spectrum.

This ensures that all the essential components are there, including flavonoids, terpenes, and other cannabinoids, which enhance the benefits of the oil and bring about the entourage effect.

What do the lab results say?

Reputable companies that produce full-spectrum hemp oil should have nothing to hide when it comes to their products. When looking for quality oil, be sure to check that independent labs have tested it for cannabinoid content, as well as purity.

These results should be easy to find or obtain.

Anyone who wants quality phytocannabinoid oil likely wants to use it for its potential health benefits, which means you can’t buy from just any company. It’s worth your time to research before you buy and make sure any product you buy will be safe to consume and effective once you have!

How much hemp oil should you take?

To get the best effects from full-spectrum hemp oil, it’s important to select the correct potency.

If you’re new to using these products, it make take some time to find the right amount to take for your needs. Follow these tips for a better experience.

Start slow

You may be eager to take cannabinoid oil to address a nagging or chronic condition, but you don’t want to take too much too soon.

This is why you should start with the lowest dosage, and consider keeping a journal to track how you’re feeling with every dose or application.

Because everybody is different, individuals will naturally have different reactions to hemp and CBD products. You may find that just a small amount gives you the results you’re looking for.

Gradually increase the dosage

If that small dosage doesn’t seem to be doing anything for you, you can begin to increase it.

Because it takes some time for these products to build up  oil to affect your endocannabinoid system, you should gradually raise the amount.

Take the same dose for a few days or so before you make it a little bigger.

Try different delivery methods

There are several delivery methods to consider depending on the desired effect.

Talk to a healthcare professional

Thanks to countless websites and blogs, you can find quite a bit of medical information online. But to get real answers, there is no substitute for actually talking to a professional.

Whatever ailment you hope cannabinoid oil can help with, a doctor or other type of medical professional should be able to tell you how to use it and the doses to take.

Not all cannabinoid oils are the same

Cannabinoid oil is used for a number of chronic conditions, but the quality is a trait that can’t be ignored. At Veritas Farms, we are dedicated to growing the absolute best hemp to produce superior oils.

We use the whole plant, which ensures that all the essential elements remain intact.

How to gauge potency of CBD oil

Cannabinoid oil potency is segmented into three different types. It’s important to note that doctors can’t prescribe CBD or other cannabinoids; they can only make a recommendation based on your symptoms.

To further complicate the potency issue, there’s no universal dose or recommended daily allowance of CBD to act as a guide. And because of the way cannabinoids interact with the body, there are several variables — including weight, metabolism, diet, and product consistency — that would make it hard to do so..

That’s why we recommend you start with a small, low-potency dose and work your way up only if necessary.

Low potency: 2.5–15 mg per serving

Low doses of cannabinoid oil are a great place to start for those with mild conditions like chronic pain or low-grade anxiety.

They may also be effective for people with active endocannabinoid systems who don’t need stronger doses. Just a small dose every day may be used to maintain a healthy lifestyle.

Medium potency: 16–33 mg per serving

With more severe pain or anxiety — and perhaps inflammation or digestive issues — medium strength cannabinoid oil may be an option.

In most cases, doubling your lower-potency dose can be effective. The severity of your symptoms and the way your ECS works will determine how many doses per day you will need.

High potency: 34–50 mg per serving

Research is under way to see how high-strength doses of cannabinoid oil can be used for a number of ailments, including severe pain or anxiety, depression, and insomnia.

People using it with the intent of lessening the effects of chronic conditions like epilepsy or multiple sclerosis may need to take several doses per day.

What are the different types of CBD products?

There are several delivery methods for CBD and hemp-oil products: balms and ointments, tinctures and extracts, tablets and capsules, and even candy-like edibles!

Full-spectrum hemp oil is most commonly found in easy-to-swallow capsules or liquid tinctures applied under the tongue with a medicine dropper for easy measurement. Both of these delivery methods allow you to ingest the product orally, where it enters your digestive system and is metabolized by the liver.

With balms, salves, and lotions, the active ingredients are most effective on the area where it’s applied, rather than entering the bloodstream.

Ultimately, which phytocannabinoid product you choose depends on the result you wish to achieve. Regardless of what product you use, you’ll want to make sure you’re buying from a reputable manufacturer that understands how to extract the hemp plant’s essential cannabinoids safely and effectively.

Try full-spectrum hemp oil for yourself

Everybody is different, but with the surging popularity of hemp and CBD products, aren’t you curious about giving high-quality, full-spectrum hemp oil a try?

Find the right product and potency for you — from yummy CBD lip balms to once-daily full-spectrum hemp oil capsules — in Veritas Farms’ online shop.